Smirnova Ludmila Mikhailovna, Grand PhD in Engineering sciences, leading researcher of the Department of biomechanical studies of the musculoskeletal system, Institute of Prosthetics and Orthotics, Federal Scientific Center of Rehabilitation of the Disabled named after G.A. Albrecht, 50 Bestuzhevskaya Street, 195067 St. Petersburg, Russian Federation; Professor of the Biotechnical systems department, St. Petersburg Electrotechnical University, 5 Professora Popova Street, 197376 St. Petersburg, Russian Federation, phone: +7 (911) 919-55-35, e-mail: email@example.com
Volkova Valentina Mikhailovna, PhD in Historical sciences, leading researcher of the Department of orthopedic shoes and special clothing for the disabled, Institute of Prosthetics and Orthotics, Federal Scientific Center of Rehabilitation of the Disabled named after G.A. Albrecht, 50 Bestuzhevskaya Street, 195067 St. Petersburg, Russian Federation; phone +7 (905) 216 90 37; е-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Golovin Mikhail Andreevich, Head of the Department of innovative technologies of technical means of rehabilitation, Institute of Prosthetics and Orthotics, Federal Scientific Center of Rehabilitation of the Disabled named after G.A. Albrecht, 50 Bestuzhevskaya Street, 195067 St. Petersburg, Russian Federation; research engineer of the Scientific and Educational Center “Robotics”, Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University, 29 Polytechnicheskaya Street, 195251 St. Petersburg, Russian Federation; phone +7(929)1046780; e-mail: email@example.com
Karabanova Natalia Yuryevna, specialist in the creation of technical means of rehabilitation of the Design department, Institute of Prosthetics and Orthotics of Federal Scientific Center of Rehabilitation of the Disabled named after G.A. Albrecht, 50 Bestuzhevskaya Street, 195067 St. Petersburg, Russian Federation; senior lecturer of the Department of design and technology of garment, St. Petersburg State University of Industrial Technologies and Design, 18 Bolshaya Morskaya Street, 191186 St. Petersburg, Russian Federation; phone +7 (911) 027-39-88; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
In the heading: Original researches
Year: 2020 Volume: 2 Journal number: 4
Article type: scientific and practical
UDC: 687.1; 004.384; 004.5; 658.52.011.56
Introduction. Special clothing for the disabled is a technical means of rehabilitation that increases the level of self-care of the disabled and their independence from outside help. In 1997, the technology of remote design and production of special clothing was developed and tested for the production of such clothing and providing it to disabled people living remotely from the clothing manufacturing center in order to provide ready-made products for disabled people at their place of residence (hereinafter referred to as “author’s technology”).
Since then, new remote technologies for ordering, designing, tailoring and purchasing clothing have been introduced. The analysis of the advantages and limitations of these technologies is of interest for determining the feasibility of improving the author’s ready-made technology for manufacturing special clothing for the disabled.
In the first two articles of the series devoted to this issue, the analysis of technologies of Internet-stores, Internet- ateliers and technologies of remote computer-aided design of clothing was carried out. The results of this analysis are summarized in this (the last of a series) article by comparing the advantages of new technologies with the author’s technology and identifying solutions that are appropriate to borrow to improve it.
Aim. The aim of the article is to determine the technical solutions used in modern technologies of remote production of clothing and providing it to the population, which are appropriate to borrow to improve the author’s technology designed for remote design of special clothing for disabled people and mass provision of ready-made products for them at their place of residence.
Materials and methods. Material: own experience in the development and application of remote technology for the production of special clothing for the disabled; reviews of specialists and patients who participated in the testing of this clothing and technology; documentation, brochures, literature, Internet sites that cover the principles of remote design and production of clothing in Russia and abroad. Methods: theoretical method, including analysis, synthesis and analogy; method of system analysis.
Results and discussion. The analysis showed that the clothing offered in Internet-stores and Internet-ateliers, produced by the orders of the population, is made mainly for typical figures. It does not have the necessary functionality to provide such clothing for disabled people with anatomical and functional disorders of the musculoskeletal system.
It is revealed that the production of clothing for this category of citizens through Internet-stores is limited only to products intended for people who use mainly wheelchairs.
The only development in this regard is remote Internet technology, which was first developed in Russia in 1997 for the purpose of targeted design of functional clothing and providing ready-made products for disabled people at their place of residence, regardless of their distance from home. Testing of this technology was carried out during 2005–2008 with positive results.
Summary. A focused examination of foreign and domestic Internet technology production and acquisition of consumer garment showed that to improve the quality of the manufacture of functional clothing for the disabled and improve the efficiency of creating new models need to learn from the accumulated experience concerning different Internet-stores, including experience in distribution in the Internet information about the possibilities of functional clothing and its benefits in order to raise awareness of disabled people and their relatives about possibilities and procedure for its acquisition.
Keywords: disabled people, functional and aesthetic clothing, rehabilitation, remote technology, special clothing
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