Procedures for regulating ethics violations
1. Identification of ethics violations.
1.1. A violation of publication ethics can be detected and brought to the attention of the editor or publisher by any person at any time.
1.2. Violation of ethics may include, but not be limited to, the examples given in the section on publication ethics.
1.3. Whoever informs the editor or publisher about such behavior must provide sufficient information or sufficient evidence to initiate an investigation. All applications should be considered in the most serious way until a final decision or conclusion is made.
2. Instructions for revoking the publication (retraction).
2.1. Article revoking (retraction) is a mechanism for correcting published information and notifying readers about publications containing such serious shortcomings or erroneous data that cannot be trusted. The unreliability of the data may be the result of a conscientious error or deliberate violations.
2.2. Revokings are also used to warn readers about cases of duplicate publications (that is, when authors present the same data in several publications), plagiarism, and conceal important conflicts of interest that may affect the interpretation of data or recommendations for their use.
2.3. The issue of revocation of the publication is considered if:
‒ there is clear evidence of the unreliability of the published information, which arose either as a result of conscious actions (for example, falsification of data), or due to conscientious errors (for example, errors in calculations or experiments);
‒ the conclusions were previously published in another publication, and there are no proper references, permissions and justifications for the need for re-publication (i.e. cases of duplicate publication);
‒ incorrect borrowings (plagiarism) were detected;
‒ unethical research is described;
‒ serious errors were found in the work (for example, incorrect interpretation of the results), which casts doubt on its scientific value;
‒ the composition of the authors is incorrect (there is no one who is worthy of being an author; persons who do not meet the criteria of authorship are included);
‒ hidden conflict of interest (and other violations of publication ethics);
‒ the article was republished without the author’s consent;
‒ the article did not pass the review procedure.
3. Only published articles are subject to recall.