Rehabilitation and expert examination in the republic of Belarus: current state and prospects


Smychek Vasiliy Borisovich, Honored worker of science of the Republic of Belarus, doctor of medical Sciences (Dr. Med. Sci), professor, Director of the National Science and Practice Centre of Medical Assessment and Rehabilitation, 223027 Gorodishche settlement, Minsk district, Minsk region, Republic of Belarus; е-mail:

In the heading: Original researches

Year: 2019 Volume: 1 Journal number: 3 

Pages: 5-13

Article type: scientific and practical

UDC: 616-036.865-036.82/.85(476)

DOI: 10.26211/2658-4522-2019-1-3-5-13


Purpose. Improving the quality of the provision of expert examination and rehabilitation assistance to the population of the Republic of Belarus by analyzing the existing model and prospects for the development and improvement of the service of medical and social expert examination and rehabilitation.

Materials and methods. The state of the legal base, the system of medical rehabilitation, the basic concepts of disability adopted in the Republic of Belarus is analyzed. The main state programs that provide for the implementation of a number of activities aimed at preserving and strengthening the health of citizens, the prevention of disability, and the rehabilitation of disabled people are given.

Results. The Republic of Belarus implements a state policy regarding persons with disabilities, based both on the Constitution of the country, and on the laws, government decrees and other regulatory legal acts. A step-by-step system of medical rehabilitation has been developed and is being successfully implemented in practice. Successfully implemented government programs aimed at improving the health of the population. Scientific support is carried out in the form of industry-specific scientific and technical programs.

Conclusion. The given data indicate that the state model of medical and social expert examination and rehabilitation has been created in the Republic of Belarus. It successfully operates and is improving. This model is based on the legal framework in the field of expert examination and rehabilitation, provides for the implementation of the National Action Plan for the implementation of the main provisions of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. Rehabilitation of the sick and disabled provides for the implementation of measures at the medical, professional, labor and social stages in compliance with the basic principles of rehabilitation. Disability is considered as a medical, social, legal concept, as a socio-economic phenomenon and dynamic category. The implementation of state programs contributes to the further development of research in terms of the development of modern assessment and rehabilitation technologies and, in practical terms, contributing to the improvement of the quality of life of an individual.

Keywords: , , , ,

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