Pomnikov Viktor Grigorievich, Grand PhD in Medical sciences, Professor, Rector and Head of the Department of Neurology, Medical and Social Expertise and Rehabilitation of the St. Petersburg Institute for Advanced Training of Medical Experts of the Ministry of Labour and Social Protection of the Russian Federation, 11/12 B. Sampsonievsky Ave., 194044 St. Petersburg, Russian Federation.
In the heading: Original researches
Year: 2021 Volume: 3 Journal number: 2
Article type: scientific and practical
Introduction. Taking into account the global changes in the social policy of the Russian Federation in recent years, the article considers the need for interdepartmental interaction in the rehabilitation of patients and disabled people.
The aim of the work is to substantiate the importance of interdepartmental interaction to improve the rehabilitation of patients and disabled people.
Materials and methods. The content analysis of the materials of the report of the Ministry of Labour and Social Protection of the Russian Federation on the state of disability in Russia, a number of regulatory legal acts on the application of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health in medical and social expertise, the procedure for developing and implementing an individual rehabilitation program or habilitation of a disabled person (disabled child), the organization and effectiveness of rehabilitation of patients and disabled people.
Results. The dynamics of the number of disabled people in the Russian Federation with a tendency to decrease some indicators, but a low percentage of rehabilitation is revealed. The article substantiates the importance of using the principles laid down in the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health for understanding the processes occurring in the system of medical and social expertise and rehabilitation, both in Russia and in foreign countries. The necessary measures are proposed that would improve the rehabilitation indicators in Russia with the active work of all ministries, departments and organizations involved in the rehabilitation system.
Conclusion. In Russia, morbidity and mortality have stabilized in recent years, although the proportion of people of retirement age is increasing; there has been an improvement in the standard of living of society, including pensioners, as well as an improvement in the quality of medical care, many qualified and specialized types of assistance have become available; there has been a decrease in the number of disabled people and a decrease in the level of disability per 10,000 of the population. All this should lead to a stabilization of the growth of disability in the next few years and lead to an improvement in rehabilitation indicators in the future.
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