Kalashnikov Anatoliy Ivanovich, doctor of medical and social expertise, specialist in rehabilitation of Expert Council No. 3 of the Main Bureau for Medical and Social Expertise in Omsk Region of the Ministry of Labour and Social Protection of the Russian Federation, 74/57 Desyat’ let Oktyabrya Street Corner 2nd Line, Omsk, 644070, Russian Federation; e-mail: email@example.com
Shamsheva Elena Vasilyevna, PhD in Medical sciences, Chief expert of the medico-social examination, Head of the Main Bureau for Medical and Social Expertise in Omsk Region of the Ministry of Labour and Social Protection of the Russian Federation, 74/57 Desyat’ let Oktyabrya Street Corner 2nd Line, Omsk, 644070, Russian Federation.
Salikova Svetlana Ivanovna, PhD in Medical sciences, Head of the Department of analysis of rehabilitation problems of the Main Bureau for Medical and Social Expertise in Omsk Region of the Ministry of Labour and Social Protection of the Russian Federation, 74/57 Desyat’ let Oktyabrya Street Corner 2nd Line, Omsk, 644070, Russian Federation.
In the heading: Original researches
Year: 2019 Volume: 1 Journal number: 4
Article type: scientific and practical
Introduction. The participation of the state in taking appropriate measures to achieve the fullest possible economic independence for persons with disabilities is an essential condition for the social integration of persons with disabilities and for improving their quality of life. In achieving this goal, a significant role belongs to the vocational rehabilitation of persons with disabilities, which is a system and process of restoring the competitiveness of the disabled person in an inclusive labor market.
Aim. To study the needs of disabled people of working age in vocational rehabilitation in 2016–2018, regional opportunities and the procedure for the implementation of measures for vocational rehabilitation or habilitation in the Omsk region.
Materials and methods. The study of the needs of disabled people of working age in vocational rehabilitation was carried out on the basis of the analysis of statistical data of the Main Bureau for Medical and Social Expertise in Omsk Region of the Ministry of Labour and Social Protection of the Russian Federation for the period 2016–2018, vertically integrated information and analytical system of medical and social expertise, data of the Russian Federal State Statistics Service, the Ministry of Labour and Social Protection of the Russian Federation, the Ministry of Labour and Social Development of the Omsk Region, the Main Department of the State Service of Employment of the Population of the Omsk Region. Methods: descriptive statistics, analytical.
Results. Annually in Omsk region more than 25 thousand individual programs of rehabilitation and habilitation are developed. Recognition of a person as a disabled one at working age in most cases leads to a change in lifestyle and quality of life. The state policy in the field of social protection of disabled persons is focused on achievement of equality of disabled persons with other citizens in all spheres of activity by means of adjustment and restoration of the communications lost by disabled persons in society. Vocational rehabilitation plays a crucial role in the social integration (reintegration) of persons with disabilities. In case of detection of the patient’s disability, a set of measures of professional rehabilitation is developed to restore or form the abilities of disabled people to professional activity. Among the measures for vocational rehabilitation, recommendations for employment of persons with disabilities prevailed. The indicators which allow draw certain conclusions for the analyzed period are revealed, ways of improvement of possibilities of professional rehabilitation in the Omsk region are planned.
Conclusion. The analysis for the period 2016–2018 showed an increase in the need for vocational rehabilitation of disabled people. The need for employment is experienced by the majority of disabled people. The greatest need for employment is observed among the disabled of the third group, as they have significant reserves of ability to work.
Among the re-recognized persons with disabilities, the third group of persons with disabilities are employed. Large reserves of professional rehabilitation lie in the development of the rehabilitation potential of society. To address issues of vocational rehabilitation, including effective employment of persons with disabilities, a comprehensive approach of all participants in the rehabilitation process is necessary.
Keywords: disability group, employment of disabled people, individual rehabilitation or habilitation program, vocational rehabilitation
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